Category: Timber

Timber Flooring Types: Softwood and Hardwood

| December 8, 2014 | Timber, Timber Floor, Timber Flooring, Timber Floors | no comments

Timber Flooring Types: Softwood and Hardwood

There are two types of timber flooring wood, namely, softwood and hardwood. The terms softwood and hardwood don’t actually refer to the density or hardness of the wood itself.  The two timber wood types are actually distinguished botanically and not by their end use or appearance. Trees that produce hardwood are known as angiosperms and produce seeds that are covered, either with a skin or a shell.  Such seeds could be fruits or nuts.  Softwoods on the other hand, come from trees that are known as gymnosperms.  The seeds of this type of tree have no covering although they might fall to the ground in some form of protection, for instance, the hard cones of a pine tree, but are subsequently distributed by the wind over a broad surface area.

Classifying wood as either a hardwood or softwood comes down to its physical structure and makeup, and so it too simplistic to think of hardwoods as being hard and durable compared to soft and workable softwoods. This happens to be generally true, but there are exceptions, such as in the cases of wood from yew trees —a softwood that is relatively hard — and wood from balsa trees — a hardwood that is softer than softwoods.

A few examples of hardwood trees include Oak, Maple, Birch, Eucalyptus and Mahogany. Hardwood finds its way into all manner of things – from tools, boats and buildings, through to furniture and musical instruments. Most relevantly, because of its density, hardwood is commonly used in flooring.

Some of the well-known types of softwood on the other hand, are Cedar, Pine and Spruce. They are quite easy to work with, and as such it tends to be used in furniture, doors and windows. It’s also used in the production of paper, as well as various types of board such as medium-density fiberboard.

When it comes to timber flooring, there are two types: engineered and solid wood.  Engineered wood flooring is made up of layers of ply that are bonded together to create a solid and stable core board, which is then topped off with a solid wood top layer otherwise known as lamella.  Solid hardwood floors, as its name suggests, is made up of solid planks of one species of wood.Although pinewood flooring is reasonably common and popular because of its low cost, it is less resistant to wear and tear than the likes of oak wood flooring. In most cases, wood flooring, irrespective of whether it is engineered or solid, is made from hardwood because it tends to be more resilient.


Tips on How to Maintain a Timber Deck

| November 28, 2014 | Timber, Timber Decking | no comments

Timber decking is a brilliant way to extend your living space as well as establishing a natural beauty at your home. However, if you think about it, timber decks takes a lot of abuse. They get a lot of foot traffic and their horizontal surfaces are constantly exposed to sunlight and allow rain to pool on the surface. They are the most vulnerable to different weather condition than any other type of wooden structure. That’s why timber decking requires regular cycle of maintenance to retain their condition. When you fail to do so, it will cause discolouring on the timber surface and it will become prone to splinters. There is also mould that can make the timber deck surface slippery which is very dangerous. That’s why it’s a good idea to establish a maintenance routine that’ll protect your deck and prevent expensive repairs. Here are a few simple maintenance routines and tips to help keep your timber deck safe, sound, and looking great.

  • Remove mould mildew

-Get yourself a bucket of hot and soapy water and a good hard yard brush and scrub away a meter at a time. You can get yourself a powerful jet wash and set the nozzle to produce its most powerful jet. Give the planks a good clean making sure you get right into the hardwood grooves and between the planks.

  • Apply Stain

-If your decking looks a bit tired, it’s time to stain and re-treat it. Start by cleaning the area first. Then rinse the whole area at least twice and leave it to almost dry out before applying few coats. If you want to refresh a particular area of decking, you might also need to sand it first. If you are treating a large area and applying a few coats, you might want to apply the stain with a paint sprayer instead of a brush to speed up the process, or you could use a decking pad or roller.

  •  Clean and seal regularly.

-Have your deck professionally cleaned and sealed at least every 2 to 3 years to protect it against the rain and sun. If you opt to do it yourself, you’ll probably need to clean and seal the deck at least once a year, so in the long run, professional work pays for itself.

  • Take special steps for a new deck. If your deck is new, have it professionally cleaned to kill any mildew spores in the hardwood and to remove any surface impurities that may prevent deck sealer products from penetrating. Then have it sealed with a waterproof sealer. But be sure to wait at least 60 days after a timber deck is built to have it cleaned and stained; wood has to “age” first.
  • Make repairs as soon as possible. Replace any rotted boards as needed to avoid having to replace the whole deck. Regular maintenance should also include tightening loose boards or railings.


Timber decking is a great investment, so you should always ensure that it’ll provide the best value to your home by proper maintenance and care and always remember that prevention is better than cure so speak to a timber professional today.